Phase holograms in polymethyl methacrylate October 22, 2020 Electron Beam Lithography, Photomask / Direct Write Lithography 0 Complex computer generated phase holograms (CGPHs) have been fabricated in polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) by partial exposure and subsequent partial development. The CGPH was encoded as a sequence of phase delay pixels and written by e-beam (JEOL JBX-5DII), a different dose being assigned to each value of phase delay. For full details: Attached files often contain the full content of the item you are viewing. Be sure and view any attachments. resources_se/Optical-10.pdf 375.87 KB Related Articles Fabrication of 5-7 nm wide etched lines in silicon using 100 keV electron-beam lithography and polymethylmethacrylate resist The present limit of around 10 nm for the width of lines fabricated by e-beam lithography using polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) resist on silicon substrates has been overcome. 5–7 nm wide etched lines in bulk Si substrates have been produced. A 65 nm thick layer of PMMA was exposed with an 80 kV electron beam of diameter smaller than 5 nm. After exposure the resist was developed in 3:7 cellosolve:methanol with ultrasonic agitation. The pattern in resist was transferred to the Si substrate with reactive ion etching. Lines of width varying between 5 and 7 nm were recorded using an S-900 scanning electron microscope which has a resolution of 0.7 nm. 25 nm pitch GaInAs/InP buried structure: Improvement by calixarene as an electron beam resist and tertiarybutylphosphine as a P source in organometallic vapor phase epitaxy regrowth To achieve a fine periodic semiconductor structure by electron beam (EB) lithography, calixarene was used as an EB resist. A 25 nm pitch InP pattern was formed successfully and 40 nm pitch InP structures were achieved with good reproducibility. A shorter developing time, precise stage motion, accurate control of the widths of lines and spaces, and slight O2 ashing were important to obtain a fine InP pattern by a two-step wet chemical etching process. Furthermore, the fabricated periodic InP pattern was buried in a GaInAs structure by organometallic vapor phase epitaxy. The introduction of tertiarybutylphosphine as the phosphorous source prevented the fine structure from deforming when the temperature was raised and a 25 nm pitch periodic structure was buried successfully. Process optimization for production of sub-20 nm soft x-ray zone plates We report here the optimization of processes for producing sub-20 nm soft x-ray zone plates, using a general purpose electron beam lithography system and commercial resist technologies. We have critically evaluated the failure point of the various process steps and where possible chosen alternate methods, materials, or otherwise modified the process. Advances have been made in most steps of the process, including the imaging resist, pattern conversion for electron beam exposure, and pattern transfer. Two phase shifting absorber materials, germanium and nickel with excellent quality using polymethyl methyl accrylate and zones as small as 20 nm have been fabricated in nickel using the calixarene resist. The total efficiency as well as the efficiency of different regions of the zone plates were measured. All zone plates have demonstrated good efficiencies, with nickel zone plates performing better than germanium zone plates. Nanometer-scale resolution of calixarene negative resist in electron beam lithography New nonpolymer materials, calixarene derivatives were tested as high-resolution negative resists for use in electron beam lithography. Arrays of 12-nm-diam dots with a 25 nm pitch were fabricated easily. The sensitivity of calixarene in terms of area dose ranged from 700 to 7000 µC/em2, and the required dose for dot fabrication was about 105 electrons/dot. The standard area dose for calixarene is almost 20 times higher than that for polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA), but the electron spot dose for dot fabrication by calixarene is almost the same as that for PMMA and other highly sensitive resists such as SAL (chemically amplified negative resist for electron beam made by Shipley). The electron spot dose for such extremely small dots does not seem to depend on standard area dose, but any resist tends to require the same dose under exposure in a 50 keV electron beam writing system. We propose a qualitative exposure model that suggests a tradeoff of dose and dot size. The calixarene seems to be promising material for nanofabrication. Single element kinoform hard x-ray micro-optic A Fresnel lens is a chromatic, but low-loss optic, that can be used as a hard x-ray focusing element. In order to maintain phase coherence across the lens for a given x-ray wavelength, and to maximize transmission, material is deleted that removes multiples of 2 pi phase-shift. Using planar micro-electronics technology we have fabricated refractive Fresnel lenses for hard X-rays in single crystal silicon, and with the ideal shape. Preparation of Diamond Mold using Electron Beam Lithography for Application to Nanoimprint Lithography Diamond molds were fabricated by two types of fabrication processes, both of which use a conductive intermediate layer between the diamond surface and polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) resist to prevent surface charge-up. Showing 0 Comment Comments are closed.