New Methods for Cross-Section Sample Preparation Using Broad Argon Ion Beam (Paper Analysis) October 20, 2020 Applications, Sample Preparation 0 In 2006, we introduced a new specimen preparation apparatus, Cross-section Polisher (CP), which employs a broad argon ion beam to prepare cross-sections of specimens [1-2]. The principle of the CP is simple: a region of the specimen that is not covered by the masking plate is milled by an argon broad ion beam, as shown in Fig.1. The specimens with irregular shapes and rough surfaces that cannot be embedded prior to ion milling require additional care and consideration prior to ion-milling with CP. For full details: Attached files often contain the full content of the item you are viewing. Be sure and view any attachments. Paper analysis with CP.pdf 578.26 KB Related Articles Pristine Sample Preparation Using Broad Ion Beam Traditional mechanical preparation of specimen surfaces suffers from various artifacts, such as scratches and embedded polishing media, that obscure the original microstructure, crystallographic information and precise layer thickness measurements. Broad ion beam polishing using the JEOL cross-section polisher (CP) offers pristine surface preparation with minimal artifacts. CP is a tabletop instrument that is ideally suited for preparation of a variety of environmentally-sensitive and beam-sensitive materials, including metals, polymers, ceramics and composites. The instrument includes both cryo-preparation (down to LN2temperature) and air-isolated transfer and preparation environment. New Cross-Section Sample Preparation Method Applied to Microstructural and Chemical Investigation of Steel Coatings using FE-SEM Steel strips coated with Al-43.5Zn-1.5Si (Galvalume) alloy exhibit superior corrosion resistance as compared to Zn galvanized steel strips. The continuous hot-dip coating process used to produce such coatings entails a metallurgical reaction between the steel strip and Al-Zn-Si liquid alloy that leads to formation of an intermetallic compound layer at the steel-coating interface. Formability of the coated strip depends strongly on the morphology, dimensions (thickness) and chemical nature of this intermetallic layer. Proper characterization of the intermetallic layer structure and chemistry and the nucleation sites on the steel surface is therefore of paramount importance for the development of formable Galvalume coated steel strips. This requires preparation of artifact free cross-sectional samples. Such samples can be obtained using JEOL Cross-section Polisher (CP). Unlike mechanical sample preparation techniques that introduce significant amount of strain and possible artifacts due to preferential etching of various constituents, the CP uses a broad Ar beam and a rocking stage that minimize possible preferential etching and produces strain free cross-sections. In this paper, SEM images as well as chemical (EDS) data characterizing the interface layer between the steel strip and the Galvalume coating prepared using Cross-sectional Polisher are presented. Cross Section Specimen Preparation Device Using Argon Ion Beam for SEM Scanning Electron Microscopes (SEMs) have been used for various applications, such as research and development and failure analysis. There are many cases where not only observation of a specimen surface – but also observation of a cross section – is important. Preparation of a cross section depends on the specimen structure, observation purpose, and materials. Various preparation methods are put into practice: cutting, mechanical polishing, microtome, and FIB (Focused Ion Beam) are the major methods. In this discussion, we evaluate a new cross section specimen preparation method using an argon ion beam (hereinafter called the Cross-section Polishing or CP method). We have found that this method is extremely useful for observation of layer structures, interfaces, and crystalline structures of metals, ceramics, and composites. Here, we introduce examples of applications to various types of specimens. Handle with care – preparing sensitive samples Here we look at three types of samples that require a more precise cross sectioning technique than traditional methods: Lithium Ion battery, pharmaceutical tablet, and Zn thin film. For each, scientists need to examine a very thin multilayered “sandwich” of different materials. High Quality Cross Sections of Low Melting Point Samples Prepared with Cryo Ion Slicer – Broad Ar Ion Beam Milling Apparatus with a Newly Developed Specimen Cooling Unit Ion Slicer (IS) is an instrument used to prepare TEM lamellas and SEM cross-sections by employing an Ar broad ion beam. The IS has been getting quite popular in TEM and SEM laboratories because of its ease of use and high quality results. However, it is difficult to mill low melting point materials by the Ar broad ion beam because of thermal damage during the milling. Therefore, we have developed a specimen cooling unit for the IS. This cooling unit keeps specimen at low temperature during the ion milling to avoid the thermal damage. We named this system Cryo Ion Slicer(CIS). Argon ion slicing (ArIS): a new tool to prepare super large TEM thin films from Earth and planetary materials TEM foil preparation techniques commonly used in geology, material science and cosmochemistry are argon ion milling, ultramicrotomy and the Focused Ion Beam (FIB) technique. In this study we report on Argon Ion Slicing (ArIS), a new gentle preparation method which enables for the first time to prepare super large continuous and relatively smooth electron-transparent thin films (up to 50,000 µm2) suitable for TEM use. So far Argon Ion Slicing was mainly applied on mono- or bi-mineralic samples in material science. We applied and improved this promising new technique on several geo-materials including two meteorite samples to prove the viability of ArIS on complex (polycrystalline, polyphase, porous) natural samples. The successfully obtained continuous electron-transparent thin films comprise an area of 44,000 µm2 for Murchison (CM 2) and 30,000 µm2 for the Allende (CV 3) meteorite samples, respectively. ArIS is a low-energy broad-ion-beam shadowing technique and benefits from an additional protection device (a copper belt). The sample portion directly beneath the belt is protected from the ion beam. The beam "slices off" the protruding sample parts on both sides of the belt and creates a large elongated wedge. Since the developing thin film is located almost parallel to the beam propagation direction, it is almost unaffected from any irradiation damage and a phase dependent preferred thinning is not observed. Rough sample edges were smoothened with a Cross section polisher prior to ArIS treatment, which turned out to be a crucial step to produce super large electron-transparent thin films. Showing 0 Comment Comments are closed.