JEOL Resources

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Direct Analysis of Organometallic Compounds

Organometallic compounds play an important role in chemistry, as recently recognized by the awarding of the 2005 Nobel Prize in Chemistry to Chauvin, Schrock and Grubbs. Characterization of organometallic compounds by mass spectrometry can sometimes be complicated by problems with solubility and reactivity. Electron ionization can be used for some voltatile organometallics. Fast atom bombardment (FAB) and electrospray ionization (ESI) are useful provided suitable solvents can be used. Field desorption (FD) is often effective, but FD emitters can be fragile and the analysis should be carried out by an experienced operator. DART (Direct Analysis in Real Time) complements these methods and provides an alternative; it is fast and does not require solvents. The sampling area is purged with an inert gas, reducing the likelihood of undesirable reactions. Further, AccuTOF-DART permits exact mass measurements without requiring the presence of a reference standard during the sample measurement. DART is extremely robust and does not require special operator training.

Chemical Reaction Monitoring with the AccuTOF-DART™ Mass Spectrometer

DART provides a convenient means for monitoring the progress of chemical reactions. Reactants, intermediates, products and byproducts can be detected by simply dipping a glass rod into the reaction pot and then placing the rod in front of the DART ion source. The AccuTOF's ability to measure accurate masses and isotopic abundances makes it possible to confirm or identify the elemental compositions of peaks in the mass spectra. Here we show the use of AccuTOF-DART to monitor the acetylation of 1,2-hexanediol as a function of time.

Analysis of highly polar compound (ionic liquid) by DART

Ionic liquids have drawn much attention from various engineering fields, such as tribology, because of their unique properties of electrical conductivity, extremely low vapor pressure, low viscosity, low combustibility, etc. The sample was analyzed by dipping a glass rod to the sample and presented it directly to the DART™ ion source.

Analytical Instruments Documents

Other Resources

The following resources are available for the JEOL Analytical Instruments:


Corona - Glow Discharge (DART Ion Source)

February 22, 2020