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The Power of Exact Mass Measurement: An Example of Unknown Compound Identification

Recently, JEOL introduced the AccuTOF-GC, an innovative GC/time-of-flight mass spectrometer (TOF MS) that is capable of both high data acquisition rates and easy exact mass measurements. The exact mass measurements can then be used to generate lists of possible elemental compositions, which is a powerful tool for identifying unknown compounds. Additionally, this information can be combined with the fragmentation information to help confirm the identity an unknown compound. In this work, the AccuTOF-GC system was used to identify an unknown compound in a liquid crystal extract.

SPME-GCxGC/HRTOFMS Analysis of Tequila

The JEOL “AccuTOF GCv 4G” is a third generation GC/HRTOFMS system with high speed data acquisition capabilities of up to 50Hz which makes it well suited as the detector for comprehensive 2-dimensional GC (GCxGC) measurements. Along with the high speed data acquisition, this MS system also provides high mass resolution, accurate mass measurements, and high sensitivity, all simultaneously. Consequently, this GCxGC/HRTOFMS system is a powerful tool for the qualitative analysis of complicated samples. In this work, we measured commercially available tequila samples using GCxGC/HRTOFMS combined with solid-phase micro-extraction (SPME) preparation.

Rapid Analysis Using Deactivated Fused Silica Tubing(a.k.a. “Guard Column”) as the Sample Inlet (2)

Average molecular weight is an important reference for evaluating samples with molecular weight distributions, such as crude oils, which are complex mixtures, or synthetic polymers. Almost all of the ions observed in field desorption (FD) and field ionization (FI) mass spectra are molecular ions since they are both soft ionization methods. The average molecular weight of a sample can be calculated directly from the masses (or “m/z”) and intensities of all of the ions observed by FD or FI. By applying group-type analysis, the components can be classified into types based on their functional groups and/or unsaturations. Average molecular weight, polydispersity index, or relative abundance of each type can be obtained.

Rapid Analysis Using Deactivated Fused Silica Tubing(a.k.a. “Guard Column”) as the Sample Inlet (1)

Average molecular weight is an important reference for evaluating samples with molecular weight distributions, such as crude oils, which are complex mixtures, or synthetic polymers. Almost all of the ions observed in field desorption (FD) and field ionization (FI) mass spectra are molecular ions because they are both soft ionization methods. As a result, the average molecular weight of a sample can be calculated directly from the masses (or “m/z”) and intensities for all of the ions observed in the FD or FI mass spectra. By applying group-type analysis, the components can be classified into types based on their functional groups and/or unsaturations. Average molecular weight, polydispersity index, or relative abundance of each type can be obtained.

Quantitative Analysis of Pyrazole Pesticides in Tea Leaf by Using FastGC-HRTOFMS

The FastGC method is a very useful technique for doing rapid GC analyses that result in extremely narrow chromatographic peaks over a shorter time period than traditional GC analyses. Additionally, time-of-flight mass spectrometers (TOFMS) are capable of very fast data acquisition in comparison with other types of mass spectrometers so they are well suited as the detector for the FastGC technique. Furthermore, when the TOFMS is capable of high resolution measurements, the resulting mass spectra contain accurate mass information that can be used to calculate the elemental compositions for each observed m/z. In this application note, we describe the quanitative analysis of pyrazole pesticides (Fipronil, Ethiprole, Pyraflufen ethyl and Tebfenpyrad) on tea leaves by FastGC/HRTOFMS. Additionally, we confirm that a rapid analysis with high sensitivity is easy to perform and very useful for fast screening.

Qualitative Analysis of Pyrazole Pesticides in Tea Leaf by Using FastGC-HRTOFMS

The FastGC method is a very useful technique for doing rapid GC analyses that result in extremely narrow chromatographic peaks over a shorter time period than traditional GC analyses. Additionally, time-of-flight mass spectrometers (TOFMS) are capable of very fast data acquisition in comparison with other types of mass spectrometers so they are well suited as the detector for the FastGC technique. Furthermore, when the TOFMS is capable of high resolution measurements, the resulting mass spectra contain accurate mass information that can be used to calculate the elemental compositions for each observed m/z. In this application note, we describe the qualitative analysis of pyrazole pesticides (Fipronil, Ethiprole, Pyraflufen ethyl and Tebfenpyrad) on tea leaves by FastGC/HRTOFMS. Additionally, we confirm that a rapid analysis with high sensitivity is easy to perform and very useful for fast screening.

Qualitative Analysis by Comprehensive 2D GC / TOFMS[2]: Analysis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in kerosene

Comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography (GC×GC) is a kind of continuous heart-cut GC system. Two different types of columns are connected via a modulator in the same GC oven. By using the two columns together, this technique provides very high separation capabilities when compared to one- dimensional GC analysis. However, GC×GC systems require a fast data acquisition detection system in order to record the very narrow time width peaks observed in the GC chromatograms. The JEOL AccuTOF-GC is a time-of-flight mass spectrometer (TOFMS) that fully meets this high speed data acquisition requirement at 25Hz (0.04sec) so it can be successfully used as the detection system in combination with GC×GC. In this work, the AccuTOF-GC was used for the qualitative analysis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in kerosene by GC×GC -TOFMS.

Qualitative Analysis by Comprehensive 2D GC / TOFMS[1]: Comparison of kerosene and diesel oil

Comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography (GC×GC) is a kind of continuous heart-cut GC system. Two different types of columns are connected via a modulator in the same GC oven. By using the two columns together, this technique provides very high separation capabilities when compared to one-dimensional GC analysis. However, GC×GC systems require a fast data acquisition detection system in order to record the very narrow time width peaks observed in the GC chromatograms. The JEOL AccuTOF-GC is a time-of-flight mass spectrometer (TOFMS) that fully meets this high speed data acquisition requirement at 25Hz (0.04sec) so it can be successfully used as the detection system in combination with GC×GC. In this work, the AccuTOF-GC was used to analyze kerosene and diesel oil samples by GC×GC -TOFMS.

Introduction of latest GC/HR-TOFMS system: JMS-T200GC AccuTOF GCx - High Sensitivity Measurement

JEOL has recently announced a 4th generation GC/HR-TOFMS system, the JMS-T200GC AccuTOF-GCx, in 2015. The AccuTOF-GCx offers high sensitivity, high mass resolving power, high mass accuracy, and a wide dynamic range in combination with high-speed data acquisition. In this application note, we show the high sensitivity measurement capability using this latest GC/HR-TOFMS system.

Introduction of latest GC/HR-TOFMS system: JMS-T200GC AccuTOF GCx - High Mass Resolution

JEOL has recently announced a 4th generation GC/HR-TOFMS system, the JMS-T200GC AccuTOF GCx, in 2015. The AccuTOF-GCx offers high sensitivity, high mass resolving power, high mass accuracy, and a wide dynamic range in combination with high-speed data acquisition. In this application note, we show the high mass resolution that can be obtained with this latest GC/HR-TOFMS system.

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