Analytical Instrument Documents

JEOL Resources


Documentation in support of your JEOL product.

Aperture Size Influences Oxidation in Positive-Ion Nitrogen Direct Analysis in Real Time Mass Spectrometry


Abstract Image

Direct Analysis in Real Time (DART) mass spectrometry commonly uses helium as the DART gas. With the looming helium shortage, other gases are being evaluated for DART. Nitrogen is inexpensive and readily available, making it a desirable alternative. However, NO+ reagent ions present in positive-ion nitrogen DART result in extensive oxidation for many compounds. The DART source uses a ceramic insulator cap to protect the operator from electrical shock. The most common cap has an aperture with a 2.5 mm inner diameter, through which the gas exits the DART source. By using a cap with a narrow (0.5 mm) ID, oxidation can be significantly reduced for nitrogen DART. The 0.5 mm cap is hypothesized to reduce back-diffusion of atmospheric oxygen into the DART source, with a reduction in the relative abundance of NO+ and increase in the relative abundance of [(H2O)2 + H]+ as the reactive species responsible for ionization of the analytes.

To access this article, please click here:

Showing 0 Comment

Comments are closed.

Other Resources

Walkup NMR
  • See how the Delta NMR software allows users to just "walk up" and start NMR experiments
  • Mass Spec Reference Data
  • View our page of useful molecular references for Mass Spec
  • Tutorials (Mass Spec)
  • Documents on the basics of mass spectrometry
  • Delta NMR software Tutorials
  • Videos on how to use the Delta NMR software
  • No-D NMR
  • Description of No-D NMR and how it can be used to eliminate the need for deuterated solvents
  • Non Uniform Sampling (NUS)
  • Description of how NUS is used to greatly reduce the time needed for running NMR experiments
  • NMR Basics
  • Overview of the Basics of NMR Theory
  • NMR Magnet Destruction
  • See our presentation of the slicing open of a JEOL Delta-GSX 270 MHz NMR Magnet
  • NMR Training
    Basic Operations and System Management for JEOL NMR Users
    Mass Spec Training
    Learn more about spectrometer operation and maintenance, data collection and processing, and advanced MS software operation.
    JEOLink NMR Newsletter
    We publish and send out this NMR newsletter to our customers. They can also be viewed here.
    Mass Media Newsletter
    We publish and send out this Mass Spec newsletter to our customers. They can also be viewed here.
    © Copyright 2024 by JEOL USA, Inc.
    Terms of Use
    Privacy Policy
    Cookie Preferences