Double Stimulated Echo (DSTE) Experiments for Thermal Convection Compensation in PFG-NMR
Applications note NM220005
Pulsed-Field Gradient NMR (PFG-NMR) is utilized for analyzing the self-diffusion of molecules and ions, which are commonly referred to as 'particles' in this context. The translation of particles by thermal convection significantly impacts the decay curve in PFG-NMR experiments, particularly when dealing with solution and liquid samples. In cases where the convection-induced translation is substantial, the decay curve exhibits a cosine-like behavior, leading to an apparent increase in the self-diffusion coefficient compared to the actual value. Additionally, the decay curves may become distorted, occasionally resulting in the appearance of signals in negative phase. To address this convection artifact in PFG-NMR, Double Stimulated Echo (DSTE) experiments are specifically designed and employed.