Analytical Instrument Documents

Polychlorinated biphenyl’s (PCBs) have been in use in industry since the early 1900's. These compounds are relatively stable and have properties have led to their use in a variety of applications ranging from electrical insulators to flame retardants. Exposure to PCBs can cause irritation, acne, and rashes. PCBs have demonstrated carcinogenic activity in animal studies. Because of potentially adverse health effects, PCB manufacture was banned in the United States in the 1970's. Because of their stability, PCBs resist degradation and can accumulate in the environment. Quantities of PCBs also exist in transformers and capacitors and hazardous waste sites. Their volatility and thermal stability make PCBs suitable for analysis by GC/MS methods. However, lowresolution mass selected-ion monitoring (LRSIM) is not selective enough to unequivocally identify PCBs in complex mixtures. High-resolution SIM (HRSIM), available with the JEOL GCmate, provides additional selectivity which can greatly simplify the identification of PCBs in complex mixtures and environmental samples.

The Japanese government, through various guidelines and the JIS standard, regulates analytical methods for dioxins from preliminary treatment to data acquisition to data processing. The guidelines specify a high resolution gas chromatograph – high resolution mass spectrometer system (HRGC/HRMS) as a final analytical instrument and a resolution of 10,000 for the mass spectrometer. These methods, however, are quite costly if executed as the government recommends. Since the Law Concerning Special Measures Against Dioxins went into effect in January 2000, dioxin samples to be analyzed are expected to multiply in a few years to come. Researchers are concerned that the high cost of analysis per sample will affect the scope and quality of their studies. As a result, simplified methods for dioxin analysis are in dire need to streamline the analytical process and reduce the cost.

As "food safety" is recognized as an increasingly important issue on a global scale, many nations have their own regulations on residual agricultural chemicals in food. In Japan, the positive list system, which was enforced at the end of May 2006, stipulates a uniform standard of 10 ppb as a quantity that is considered safe for human health. Under the positive list system, more agricultural chemicals need to be examined, and as a result, techniques capable of accurately and collectively analyzing residual agricultural chemicals in food are in increasing demand. While mass spectrometry (MS) is known for its high detection sensitivity, MS/MS is becoming the mainstream of pesticide analysis for its superior sensitivity and selectivity. The JMS-TQ4000GC, JEOL’s latest GC-MS/MS, has a unique ion storage/ejection mechanism within the MS/MS collision cell and incorporates new firmware to support MS/MS analysis with up to 36,000 transitions. In this work, we report the stability of 8 pesticides that were added to spinach extract.

As "food safety" is recognized as an increasingly important issue on a global scale, many nations have their own regulations on residual agricultural chemicals in food. In Japan, the positive list system, which was enforced at the end of May 2006, stipulates a uniform standard of 10 ppb as a quantity that is considered safe for human health. Under the positive list system, more agricultural chemicals need to be examined, and as a result, techniques capable of accurately and collectively analyzing residual agricultural chemicals in food are in increasing demand. While mass spectrometry (MS) is known for its high detection sensitivity, MS/MS is becoming the mainstream of pesticide analysis for its superior sensitivity and selectivity. The JMS-TQ4000GC, JEOL’s latest GC-MS/MS system, has a unique ion storage/ejection mechanism within the MS/MS collision cell and incorporates new firmware to support MS/MS analysis with up to 36,000 transitions. In this work, we report the verified results for pesticide residues sensitivity in food using the JMS-TQ4000GC.

As "food safety" is recognized as an increasingly important issue on a global scale, many nations have their own regulations on residual agricultural chemicals in food. In Japan, the positive list system, which was enforced at the end of May 2006, stipulates a uniform standard of 10 ppb as a quantity that is considered safe for human health. Under the positive list system, more agricultural chemicals need to be examined, and as a result, techniques capable of accurately and collectively analyzing residual agricultural chemicals in food are in increasing demand. While mass spectrometry (MS) is known for its high detection sensitivity, MS/MS is becoming the mainstream of pesticide analysis for its superior sensitivity and selectivity. The JMS-TQ4000GC, JEOL’s latest GC-MS/MS, has a unique ion storage/ejection mechanism within the MS/MS collision cell and incorporates new firmware to support MS/MS analysis with up to 36,000 transitions. In this work, we performed quantitative analysis of residual agricultural chemicals in carrot extract using a JMS-TQ4000GC.

As "food safety" is recognized as an increasingly important issue on a global scale, many nations have their own regulations on residual agricultural chemicals in food. In Japan, the positive list system, which was enforced at the end of May 2006, stipulates a uniform standard of 10 ppb as a quantity that is considered safe for human health. Under the positive list system, more agricultural chemicals need to be examined, and as a result, techniques capable of accurately and collectively analyzing residual agricultural chemicals in food are in increasing demand. While mass spectrometry (MS) is known for its high detection sensitivity, MS/MS is becoming the mainstream of pesticide analysis for its superior sensitivity and selectivity. The JMS-TQ4000GC, JEOL’s latest GC-MS/MS, has a unique ion storage/ejection mechanism within the MS/MS collision cell and incorporates new firmware to support MS/MS analysis with up to 36,000 transitions. In this work, we performed quantitative analysis of residual agricultural chemicals in spinach extract using a JMS-TQ4000GC.

Thermogravimetry (TG) is used to measure weight changes of samples under programmed heat conditions. A system combining thermogravimetry/differential thermal analysis (TG/DTA) with mass spectrometry (MS) can be used for both qualitative and quantitative analysis of gases evolved from the TG furnace into the mass spectrometer. In this application note, we show qualitative analysis of the thermal-decomposition process for sodium formate using the “STA2500 Regulus” TG system (NETZSCH) and the gas chromatography–quadrupole mass spectrometry (GC/QMS) “JMS-Q1500GC” system (JEOL).

Silicone rubber is made from low-molecular-weight (LMW) cyclic siloxane. Most LMW cyclic siloxane is used up during the polymerization process, and the residual cyclic siloxane is removed by subsequent heating and depressurization steps. Generally, the residual level of cyclic siloxane is <3% in silicone rubber, but in the field of electronic equipment manufacturing, residual cyclic siloxane levels must be < 1% in order to avoid contact failure of relays, connectors, etc. due to gases evolved by LMW cyclic siloxane. In this application note, we show semi-quantitative analysis results of LMW cyclic siloxane in silicone rubber that was analyzed using the EGA/PY-3030D pyrolyzer (Py) (Frontier Laboratories, Ltd.) and the gas chromatography–quadrupole mass-spectrometer (GC/QMS) instrument JMS-Q1500GC (JEOL).

A thermogravimetry/differential thermal analysis (TG/DTA) system is used to measure weight changes and relative temperatures of samples under programmed heat conditions. A system combining TG/DTA with mass spectrometry (MS) is called a TG-MS system, and is considered one of the best qualitative and quantitative analysis systems for inorganic materials because it can measure sample conditions, evolved gas species, and gas volume simultaneously. In this application note, we introduce the basic application of analyzing calcium oxalate using the TG-MS “STA2500 Regulus” system (NETZSCH) and the GC/QMS “JMS-Q1500GC” system (JEOL).

The phthalates used as plasticizers in polymer resins are endocrine-disrupting substances that are a risk to human health. Therefore, the use of phthalates is limited by various government agencies. In the field of electrical equipment manufacturing, diisobutyl phthalate (DIBP), dibutyl phthalate (DBP), butyl benzyl phthalate (BBP), and di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP) are regulated by the European Union’s Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) Directive. The use of DBP, BBP, DEHP, di-n-octyl phthalate (DNOP), diisononyl phthalate (DINP), and diisodecyl phthalate (DIDP) in toys and baby care products is regulated in Europe, the United States, China, and Japan. Phthalates subject to regulation are being replaced with alternative substances. However, it is known that phthalates tend to contaminate the manufacturing process and storage areas. Some alternative materials (e.g., tris-2-ethylhexyl trimellitate [TOTM]) may contain regulated components (e.g., DEHP) as impurities. In this report, PVC cables for commercial products using alternative substances as plasticizers were analyzed by the pyrolysis/thermal desorption–gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (Py/TD-GC-MS) method described in IEC 62321-8: 2017 [1]. Any phthalates discovered were quantified, and spectral information was collected for other detected compounds.

rss

Other Resources

Walkup NMR
  • See how the Delta NMR software allows users to just "walk up" and start NMR experiments
  • Mass Spec Reference Data
  • View our page of useful molecular references for Mass Spec
  • Tutorials (Mass Spec)
  • Documents on the basics of mass spectrometry
  • Delta NMR software Tutorials
  • Videos on how to use the Delta NMR software
  • No-D NMR
  • Description of No-D NMR and how it can be used to eliminate the need for deuterated solvents
  • Non Uniform Sampling (NUS)
  • Description of how NUS is used to greatly reduce the time needed for running NMR experiments
  • NMR Basics
  • Overview of the Basics of NMR Theory
  • NMR Magnet Destruction
  • See our presentation of the slicing open of a JEOL Delta-GSX 270 MHz NMR Magnet
  • NMR Training
    Basic Operations and System Management for JEOL NMR Users
    Mass Spec Training
    Learn more about spectrometer operation and maintenance, data collection and processing, and advanced MS software operation.
    JEOLink NMR Newsletter
    We publish and send out this NMR newsletter to our customers. They can also be viewed here.
    Mass Media Newsletter
    We publish and send out this Mass Spec newsletter to our customers. They can also be viewed here.

    Media

    Corona - Glow Discharge (DART Ion Source)

    January 28, 2022
    2785
    JEOL Ltd. global website
      JEOL USA, Inc.
      11 Dearborn Road
      Peabody, MA 01960
      © Copyright 2023 by JEOL USA, Inc.
      Terms of Use
      |
      Privacy Policy
      |
      Cookie Preferences