JEOL Resources

Documentation in support of your JEOL product.

Monitoring Rotary Vacuum Pump Oil Degradation by Using Field Desorption (FD)-TOFMS and Group-type Analysis Software

Field Desorption (FD) is a technique that ionizes analytes by electron tunneling from the analyte molecules to a solid surface (emitter) in a high electric field. The sample is applied directly onto the emitter and heated by applying an electric current through the emitter for desorption and ionization. FD has been used for the analysis of nonvolatile compounds, synthetic polymers, etc., as a soft ionization method to produce molecular ions with little or no fragmentations. As a result, the average molecular weight of a sample can be calculated directly from the masses (or “m/z”) and intensities for all of the ions observed in the FD mass spectrum. Furthermore, by applying group-type analysis, the components can be classified into types based on their functional groups and/or unsaturations. Average molecular weight, polydispersity index, or relative abundance of each type can also be obtained. In this work, new and used rotary vacuum pump (RP hereafter) oils were analyzed by FD. Afterwards, the change in their compositions was determined by performing group-type analysis on the resulting mass spectra.

Analysis of Additives in Plastic by Thermal Desorption (TD)

Among the various methods used for characterizing plastics, pyrolysis (Py) GC/MS and thermal desorption (TD) GC/MS are widely used for both qualitative and quantitative analyses. These are simple techniques that provide detailed information about the samples. In this application note, we report the analysis of additives in plastic by using a thermal desorption system and a JEOL JMS-T100GCV "AccuTOF GCv" GC-TOFMS. Identification of the analytes was accomplished by library search and accurate mass measurement. Additionally, isotope cluster pattern matching was performed using the "Mass Spec Tools™" software to help identify an unknown compound that was present in the sample.

INADEQUATE measurement using SuperCOOL probe

It is often difficult to unambiguously determine structures of molecules, which have many non-protonated carbon atoms. Because such compounds contain quaternary carbons, lack protons and bonding to quaternary carbons each other, HMBC (Heteronuclear Multiple Bond Correlation) experiment cannot provide long-range 1H-13C connectivity. Therefore, INADEQUATE (Incredible Natural Abundance DoublE QUAntum Transfer Experiment), which is 13C-13C correlation experiment at natural 13C abundance, represents a powerful tool for proton-diluted compounds.

A 1H Solid State NMR Application for Pharmaceutical Development by using Ultra Fast MAS: Drug-Polymer Intermolecular Interaction on Solid Dispersions_NM190003E

The low oral bioavailability of a drug due to its poor aqueous solubility is a major challenge for pharmaceutical development. Solid dispersion (SD), where the amorphous drug is dispersed into the polymer matrix, is one of the useful approaches to improve the aqueous solubility. However, thermodynamically unstable nature of an amorphous drug increases its susceptibility to recrystallize upon storage, which, in turn, reduces its solubility and dissolution. Therefore, design of thermodynamically stable SD is required.

Overtone solid-state NMR spectroscopy on Nitrogen-14_NM180002E

15N NMR is widely used because of the importance of nitrogen in chemistry, materials, biology, environment, etc. However, very low abundance of 15N (<0.4%) results in poor sensitivity and thus makes observation time-consuming. On the other hand, the rest of nitrogen atoms are also NMR sensitive nucleus of 14N. Despite the high abundance of 14N (>99%), it's application is rather limited due to the huge quadrupolar interactions and its spin quantum number I = 1.

Other Resources

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Corona - Glow Discharge (DART Ion Source)

February 22, 2020